Research Network on Inequality and Poverty

Combating poverty and inequality is on the top of priorities for many development organizations. This is why the Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association (LACEA), the Inter-American Development Bank and the World Bank came together to launch their joint initiative “Network on Inequality and Poverty”. The objective of the initiative is to advance the state of knowledge and expertise regarding the causes and consequences of poverty, inequality, and social exclusion, as well as the whole range of policies, institutions and social structures that influence their dynamics, and finally the impact of public action.

As every year, an NIP meeting took place prior to the LACEA Annual Conference, on October 31st. Discussions were held on women’s participation in the labor market, the impact of fields of specialization on the man/woman’s position in the labor market and the possible correlation between a woman’s participation in the labor market and her earning.

According to Jaime Ruiz Tagle, Universidad de Chile, men and women interact based on the values they grew up on and the roles they see for each other. A conservative woman will commit to do her utmost in the household, participate in the labor market for shorter hours, and therefore will participate with less income in the household.

In this video, Virginia Robano, George Washington University, questions the possible correlation between working as a part-time and earnings. Educated females have the choice of working part-time or full time. According to her, two females with similar high education characteristics may opt for different options, which affects their respective earnings.

Hugo Rolando Ñopo, Inter-American Development Bank, explains that the decision men and women make regarding their respective fields of specialization affects their income once they join the labor market. The differences we see in the labor market are usually marked according to the decisions men and women make when choosing their field of specialization. In his view, one area that could be worked on today is the gender stereotyping in the labor market when it comes to skills and expertise.

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