How can we make the Egyptian people employable?

Labor market is a valuable pillar to achieve economic and social progress and is key to alleviating poverty and promoting inclusion in Egypt. This is why labor market indicators are among the most timely and important measures of economic performance. The Economic Research Forum (ERF) recognizes the value and determines the need to comprehensively study the Egyptian Labor markets. Hence the ELMPS survey- The Egyptian Labor Market Panel Survey.

Timing of the survey results is key, after the January 25th revolution Egypt is no longer the same. Egyptians calling for their ‘right to information Access’, people need to know. ‘To complement two previous surveys of 1998 and 2006, ERF carried out a new round of the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) in 2012. It thus marks the third round of a longitudinal survey that tracks the labor market and demographic characteristics of households and individuals interviewed in the two previous rounds.’ (ERF website)

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Express and not impress

Guidelines for Blog Writing:
In communication you have to be clear, transparent and confident about what you want to say. Communications people are intermediaries trying to clarify on a message to make it visible and understandable to broader audiences.  Only communicate what you understand and try not to add to the complexity of the subject, rather FACILITATE.
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These are some components to keep in mind when writing a blog story:

  1. Title: Make your title ‘sexy’ or ‘catchy’. This is the one of the most important bits of the blog, cause it captures attention of reader right up front.  Use your title to arouse curiosity of readers.
  2. Subtitles. Remember that reading online is different from reading a paper or a book. Subtitles help readers skim the text and spice up your story. It also used to break down text and gives a flavor of what the section is about.
  3. Story. Look for evidence. It is very important to communicate what has been said. Be an active listener and create hooks and links to the subject
    1. Introduction– ‘why’. Why is this issue important? Think about your conclusion, draft it and use it as the introduction to your story, this way you are clear about what you want to say upfront.  Main points go right at the top.
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Recommendations on Egyptian labor market policies

This is a playlist for experts who were generous enough to give us a few minutes to inform the public about research they are undergoing on Labor issues in Egypt, challenges, opportunities, hick-ups, and lay a knowledge-based perspective of how things look like especially from 2006 up to 2012. Since, readers are currently employed, or were employed at some point in someway,  I would assume that Egyptians or those interested in the Egyptian labor market,  will find this playlist particularly useful.

A bit of background:
The Economic Research Forum (ERF) held a dissemination event to announce the public release of the 2012 round of the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS 2012), which was carried out by ERF in cooperation with Egypt’s Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). The public release of the ELMPS 2012 data provides an important opportunity for researchers to better understand the Egyptian labor market in the wake of the global financial crisis and the 25th of January, 2011 revolution. (ERF website)

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Positive international migration

Trends in migration show that 15% of Egyptian household have got a migrant abroad or a returnee (as per paper by Jackline Wahba) . The main reason for international migration is that people cannot find jobs, and not that they are badly paid. Of course people migrate for better pay, to enhance their economic conditions , but primarily they leave for better job prospects or because they are unemployed. Striking patterns over the last years show that the Egyptian migrant has become more educated and more rural.

Educational Level of Migartion Over time

ELMPS survey data source. Paper by Jackline Wahba

The paper ‘Five Decades of International Migration in Egypt’ by Jackline Wahba (University of Southampton) examines international migration in Egypt and provides an overview of the trends and patterns of international migration over the past fifty years. Wahba monitors the changing profiles of migrants and compares their characteristics to non-migrants- distinguishing between current and return migrants.  She also compares between the push and pull factors behind out migration and return migration; studies the contributions of migration to skill acquisition of migrants, and analyzes savings and remittances as well.

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Youth aspirations and unemployment durations in Egypt

Today’s morning session at the ‘The Egyptian Labor Market In A Revolutionary Era: Results From The 2012 Survey’ conference discussed two papers showcasing 2 contributing angles to the Egyptian labor market: Youth preferences to jobs and unemployment duration. Both papers were presented during the morning session.

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راي صناع القرار: اشرف العربي وزير التخطيط

بقلم راماج ندا – منتدى البحوث الاقتصادية

في إطار المؤتمر الذي ينظمه منتدى البحوث الاقتصادية حول مسح سوق العمل المصري لعام 2012، وذلك يومي 7-8 ديسمبر 2013، أكد الدكتور/ أشرف العربي، وزيرالتخطيط، في حديثه أن الحكومة تسعى لمتابعة نتيجة المسح التتبعي لسوق العمل والذي يرصد البطالة وأحوال سوق العمل خلال الفترة من 2006 إلى 2012، بالإضافة إلى السياسات الواجب اتباعها خلال الفترة القادمة لمواجهة هذه المشاكل والتحديات.

وأوضح العربي على أن الحكومة تسعى لوضع استراتيجية متكاملة للتشغيل على أن تكون جزءاً لا يتجزأ من الخطة العامة للتنمية الاقتصادية والاجتماعية. فقد أوضح أنه إذا لم يتم تفعيل هذه التوصيات والسياسات عن طريق ترجمتها إلى برامج ومخصصات وأهداف محددة في إطار زمني محدد، فستظل هناك فجوة بين الأبحاث وما يترتب عليها من توصيات ونتائج غير مُفًعّلة. ومن هنا تبرز أهمية هذا المؤتمر حيث تستمع الحكومة إلى تقييم الخبراء والمتخصصين للسياسات والإجراءات الحالية التي تتبعها مثل تأثير حزمة تنشيط الاقتصاد -والتي تبلغ حوالي 30 مليار جنية- على البطالة وخلق فرص عمل حقيقية للشباب. كما أكد العربي أن أول من يستفيد من مثل هذه الأبحاث الجادة هم صناع القرار.

What women want?

Egypt is and remains to be a traditional society with biased gender allocation of time within the household: Men specialize in market work while most; if not all; of the family responsibilities continues to be women’s responsibilities. Nevertheless, women labor force participation is a mandatory factor for economic development. Despite the remarkable increase in women’s educational rates, sometimes more than their male counterparts, participation in the labor market remains relatively low. Are the reasons resulting to this conclusion associated mostly with women themselves? Factors like marriage, fertility, reservation wages, or women’s own preferences have a say. Or are reasons tend to be driven more by the demand side of the market, factors such as discrimination or shrinking public sector? Given the notable participation of women in the Egyptian revolution and the economic scene, ERF commissioned the paper ‘Women’s Participation in Egypt over a Decade: Empirical Evidence Using Post-Revolution Panel Data’ by Rana Hendy to study how women’s participation in labor markets has affected their economic situation from 1998 up to 2012.

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الجلسة الافتتاحية للمؤتمر وأهمية المسح التتبعي لسوق العمل المصري

بقلم راماج ندا – منتدى البحوث الاقتصادية

وفي خلال الجلسة الافتتاحية للمؤتمر قام كل من السيد اللواء أبو بكر الجندي، رئيس الجهاز المركزي للتعبئة العامة والإحصاء، والدكتور/ يوسف قريوطي بإلقاء كلمة، أشارا فيها إلى أهمية المسح ونتائجه من وجهة نظرهما.

فقد أوضح الدكتور/ يوسف قريوطي، منظمة العمل الدولية، أن هذا المسح التتبعي ونتائج الأبحاث التي ترتبت عليه تعتبر في غاية الأهمية بالنسبة لمصر خاصةً في ظل الظروف التي تمر بها الآن. كما أنه يوفر قاعدة بيانات غنية تساهم في فهم ديناميات سوق العمل المصري. وأشار إلى أن هذه الأبحاث تقدم توصيات تساعد صناع القرار في مصر في رسم الأولويات في هذه المرحلة لمواجهة البطالة ولدفع عملية التنمية إلى الأمام. وأضاف قريوطي أنه من أبرز النتائج لهذا المسح هي اتباع ما يسمى “بالبرامج الهادفة”، حيث أن المسح سوف يوفر معلومات دقيقة عن الاستهداف الجغرافي والاستهداف القطاعي في مجالات العمل المختلفة، والتي ستمكن صناع القرار من رسم السياسات وتحديد أولوياته

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The more we know, the better we become

In an attempt to solve development challenges, more accurately real problem gaps of a society,a decision maker  requires access to information. Evidence based data, information and research knowledge is one way to identify what the problem is, where the gaps are, measure its magnitude, and guide decisions to achieve rational development policies. Enabling access to micro data, is one means to ensure the continuous initiation of a wealth of new, fresh and policy relevant analysis of  reform, the Economic Research Forum (ERF) has made accessible its comprehensive Open Access Micro Data available online on household and labor market panel surveys. Feel free to check it out!

The Egyptian Labor Market Panel Survey

Event logo

Today,the Economic Research Forum (ERF) holds a two-day event to announce the main findings of ‘Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) 2012’ from the 7-8th December 2013. During the event, ERF plans to disseminate results of the ELMPS 2012 survey and present a number of research papers that have built on the findings of the survey.

In this spirit, ERF launched a research project that aim at providing a detailed understanding of how political instability and challenging economic conditions have affected the performance of the Egyptian labor market in terms of the structure and evolution of main trends, female participation, youth unemployment and aspirations, labor market dynamics, labor market earnings, the contribution of MSEs to employment and income generation, international migration, among others. Some of the papers that have been commissioned and completed are available here.

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Shattered global wisdom

Today is UN Day for South-South Cooperation

Did you know that as of 22 December 2011, the General Assembly decided to declare 12 September- instead of December 19th– the United Nations Day for South-South Cooperation?  The General Assembly decision 66/550 endorsed the Buenos Aires Plan of Action for Promoting and Implementing Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries . (United Nations website)

Time 4 Learning-K Samsonu New

We take so much for granted . .

I am very happy to seize this opportunity to raise awareness and provoke curiosity of international community about the value of ‘Connecting the South’. South-South collaboration is a very important ingredient  to international development. Southern research provides a resourceful pool of research that is considered a viable source of innovative ideas to current global challenges and uneven lumpiness in development.

In days where we see a deadly food crisis where hunger and drought spread across Africa; a daily human Massacre in Syria for the past two and half years where reactions to both parties cannot be more polarized (almost 110,000 people were killed mainly civilians including women and children and over 2,000,000 Syrian displaced- Business Insider); and instances where governments are willing to invest monies to go into war against other countries. How can this reality become a sustainable path to equal development opportunities for all?

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