How can we make the Egyptian people employable?

Labor market is a valuable pillar to achieve economic and social progress and is key to alleviating poverty and promoting inclusion in Egypt. This is why labor market indicators are among the most timely and important measures of economic performance. The Economic Research Forum (ERF) recognizes the value and determines the need to comprehensively study the Egyptian Labor markets. Hence the ELMPS survey- The Egyptian Labor Market Panel Survey.

Timing of the survey results is key, after the January 25th revolution Egypt is no longer the same. Egyptians calling for their ‘right to information Access’, people need to know. ‘To complement two previous surveys of 1998 and 2006, ERF carried out a new round of the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey (ELMPS) in 2012. It thus marks the third round of a longitudinal survey that tracks the labor market and demographic characteristics of households and individuals interviewed in the two previous rounds.’ (ERF website)

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راي صناع القرار: اشرف العربي وزير التخطيط

بقلم راماج ندا – منتدى البحوث الاقتصادية

في إطار المؤتمر الذي ينظمه منتدى البحوث الاقتصادية حول مسح سوق العمل المصري لعام 2012، وذلك يومي 7-8 ديسمبر 2013، أكد الدكتور/ أشرف العربي، وزيرالتخطيط، في حديثه أن الحكومة تسعى لمتابعة نتيجة المسح التتبعي لسوق العمل والذي يرصد البطالة وأحوال سوق العمل خلال الفترة من 2006 إلى 2012، بالإضافة إلى السياسات الواجب اتباعها خلال الفترة القادمة لمواجهة هذه المشاكل والتحديات.

وأوضح العربي على أن الحكومة تسعى لوضع استراتيجية متكاملة للتشغيل على أن تكون جزءاً لا يتجزأ من الخطة العامة للتنمية الاقتصادية والاجتماعية. فقد أوضح أنه إذا لم يتم تفعيل هذه التوصيات والسياسات عن طريق ترجمتها إلى برامج ومخصصات وأهداف محددة في إطار زمني محدد، فستظل هناك فجوة بين الأبحاث وما يترتب عليها من توصيات ونتائج غير مُفًعّلة. ومن هنا تبرز أهمية هذا المؤتمر حيث تستمع الحكومة إلى تقييم الخبراء والمتخصصين للسياسات والإجراءات الحالية التي تتبعها مثل تأثير حزمة تنشيط الاقتصاد -والتي تبلغ حوالي 30 مليار جنية- على البطالة وخلق فرص عمل حقيقية للشباب. كما أكد العربي أن أول من يستفيد من مثل هذه الأبحاث الجادة هم صناع القرار.

A Thinking Net…

Are we able to map the connection between research and policy in the South?

A new initiative launched ‘Politics & Ideas: a think net’ is a joint effort of researchers and practitioners to produce and share innovative knowledge linking ideas and politics in developing and emerging economies. The initiative aims to think critically about the relations between ideas, research, and politics to support a more constructive use of research based evidence in policy making.

It is a Southern led space that aims to encourage researchers and practitioners to speak about their own challenges and share their perspectives about policy making as they encounter them at the local, national and regional levels. Visit this link to learn about the team behind Politics & Ideas: a think net. Initially this is a small team but hopefully will grow with new members, collaborators and associates. This initiative is inspired and nuanced by Enrique Mendizabal , Vanesa Weyrauch, Sherine Ghoneim and myself . :)

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Financement : Défi majeur de la recherche sur le développement

By Yasmine Abou Stait

Afin de relever les défis des chercheurs  du Sud concernant l’accès à l’informationset au savoir, GDNet a lancé  une campagne (Connect South) encourageant  les membres de la recherche sur le développement  et les communautés politiques à adopter une approche plus inclusive quant à la maîtrise du savoir des chercheurs du Sud.

Dans le cadre du débat, Maissa Chaibi, qui travaille à l’université de Sousse, a été interrogée sur la raison pour laquelle les chercheurs du Sud ne sont pas entendus. Autrement dit, quels sont – selon elle – les défis majeurs empêchant ces chercheurs d’informer et d’influencer le domaine politique.  En effet, son souci principal demeure le financement, ayant insisté sur le manque du soutien financier de la part des gouvernements aux chercheurs ce qui, à ses yeux,  les empêche de devenir plus efficaces. A dire que le soutien financier est ce qui compte le plus selon Maissa chaibi.

Regardez notre entretien avec Maissa Chaibi.

“Dissemination” is now the name of the game for southern research

Geographical distinctions are increasingly blurred and what were once local and regional problems have now become global problems. Thus the need is greater than ever for knowledge and experience from the South to inform responses to these problems.

Djavad Salehi-Isfahani (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA) made this clear in his interview. He explained that the demand is increasing on knowledge that is locally originated, especially that from the south.

He pinpoints the role that GDNet has made in generating a good research that is applicable to policy issues. This is what the Connect South campaign strives to draw attention on the value of southern research and the distinctive contribution the southern perspective can make to the knowledge and the understanding of complex issues.

At the end of the interview, he suggests that researchers share their research with policy makers and the public in order to make a difference and foster connections between researchers and decision-makers. Djavad Salehi-Isfahani wants to Connect South!

The dilemmas of budget advocacy via the media

[This post is part of an ongoing project of a book on project to study the challenges involved in communicating complex ideas. The objective of this project is to gain a greater and more nuanced understanding of the challenges and opportunities for research uptake among think tanks and policy research institutes in developing countries. This post has been written by Muhammad Maulana, Research and Development Coordinator at Seknas FITRA, and Bagus Saragih, a journalist at the Jakarta Post Daily]

Transparency

By Flickr User Divergence (CC).

Civil society groups (CSOs) have often been met with resistance when communicating their ideas to a wider policy audience. The situation exacerbates further when policy makers conduct their own policy analyses using “in-house” research units.

This post tells the story of how a local CSO, calling for greater budget transparency and accountability, instigated change by communicating differently. And how it was able to reach the public via print and electronic media, shedding light on the importance of budget management.  

In the Indonesian context, it is no easy task to encourage transparent and publicly accountable expenditure of State budgets directed squarely, as the Constitution requires, at the promotion of public welfare. This has certainly been the experience of the National Secretariat of the Indonesian Forum for Budget Transparency (Seknas FITRA) which for years now has been advocating greater budget transparency and accountability in Indonesia.

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The people, the planet, the can – The social marketing and re-branding of breastmilk

[This post is part of an ongoing project of a book on project to study the challenges involved in communicating complex ideas. The objective of this project is to gain a greater and more nuanced understanding of the challenges and opportunities for research uptake among think tanks and policy research institutes in developing countries. This post has been written by Anna Coutsoudis, who established the first community-based breastmilk bank in South Africa www.ithembalethu.org.za and is a founding member of HMBASA (Human Milk Banking Association of South Africa) www.hmbasa.org.za which she currently chairs; Shannon Kenny and Patrick Kenny and independent communication consultants; creative directors, Mixed Media, Durban.]

By Flickr user Gates Foundation (CC).

This chapter takes a closer look at a team composed of researchers and communicators, who have joined forces to address a common issue: re-branding of breastmilk/breastfeeding with the aim to decrease the risk of infant mortality. What are their similarities, differences and how are both ultimately reconciled? Also, the relationship between policymakers and their funders, and how they both communicate messages to the broader public is another one of the main questions at hand.

South Africa is one of the countries with an ever-increasing infant mortality rate. In fact it is one of the few countries where this has happened. Coutsoudis, Coovadia and King cited in The Lancet that research has shown how infant mortality is on the rise because of the increase in Formula Feeding. Breastfeeding decreases the risk of infant mortality. Unfortunately, formula feeding is increasing despite the fact that breastmilk is scientifically proven to be immeasurably better.

Unfortunately, breastmilk/breastfeeding do not have the advantage of better marketing and advertising. One solution to this problem is the re-branding of breastmilk/breastfeeding.

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Public poisoning as ‘communication’ in Ecuador: Lessons from the perpetuation of harmful technology

[This post is part of an ongoing project of a book on project to study the challenges involved in communicating complex ideas. The objective of this project is to gain a greater and more nuanced understanding of the challenges and opportunities for research uptake among think tanks and policy research institutes in developing countries. This post has been written by Stephen Sherwood, Andrea Ordóñez and Myriam Paredes.]

By Flickr user Velaia (ParisPeking) (CC).

Shedding light on the role action-research can play in changing the way individuals go about their daily lives, this chapter discusses how research is used to create awareness about the harmful use of pesticides. Two communication approaches are presented: one that is top-down largely focused on communicating with policymakers towards new policies for a better society; and the other one of a grassroots nature – changing practices at the personal and community level. Which one can be more effective in creating change on the ground?

To consider the intricate relations between practice, communications, and policy, we will reflect on over a decade of action-research on the use and harmful consequences of highly toxic pesticides in Ecuador.

Beginning in the early 1990s, research on this issue focused on potato production in the northernmost province of Carchi in Ecuador –a region that has been described as “the model of agricultural modernization” in the Andes. Although this could be thought of as a positive description of the region’s agriculture, pesticides were in fact becoming a dangerous companion of farmers’ daily lives.

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Civilian control of the military in Serbia

[This post is part of an ongoing project of a book on project to study the challenges involved in communicating complex ideas. The objective of this project is to gain a greater and more nuanced understanding of the challenges and opportunities for research uptake among think tanks and policy research institutes in developing countries. This post has been written by Goran Buldioski, Director of the Think Tank Fund, but the team includes other members of the Belgrade Centre for Security Studies (BCSS).]

Assessing how research uptake has changed as a result of a dynamic political environment, this chapter cites the experience of a team of researchers and a full-time communications professional in bringing their ideas to a greater audience. What makes this piece unique, however, is that it tackles the very controversial idea of the civilian control over the military.

There are no easy policy changes. Yet, some are more difficult to influence than others. The civil oversight of the military is one of the essential tenets of democracy and perhaps one of the most complex issues in setting up democratic governance anywhere.

The Belgrade Centre for Security Policy (BCSP) has been engaged in the civil oversight of the Serbian security sector since it was founded 15 years ago with unmatched success by any other local or regional independent organisation.

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Developing Critical Thinking Capacity to Communicate

A book on how to communicate complex ideas

Researchers are more likely to be influenced by research than by the recommendations and advice of practitioners. They are also more likely to be influenced by research undertaken by themselves or their peers than by that carried out by others in contexts and with tools different to those that they are used to “Mendizabal”.Critical Thinking

Misinterpretation happens, and more often it happens that communications practitioners can communicate wrong ideas to policy audience as well as to many others. Still communications’ complexities are numerous; many of which include that arising from the complexity of ‘policy influencing process’ and the many different actors involved, ‘internal and external factors’ affecting think tanks’ environments, ‘diversity , function and ideology’, among other intriguing factors to miscommunication. Capacity to communicate should not be one of those complexities. The ability to communicate complex ideas, especially the ones resulting from evidence-based research, should not be at risk.

A few months ago, a proposal for a book on “Communicating complex ideas and critical thinking” was initiated by Enrique Mendizabal in partnership with GDNet. The objective of this project is to gain a greater and more nuanced understanding of the challenges and opportunities for research uptake among think tanks and policy research institutes in developing countries.

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